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Future Tense: Will

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What is the future tense with will?
The future tense with will talks about future events. These events start and/or end in the future. Take a look at the following:

    I will play tennis tomorrow afternoon.
    They will arrive at the airport at 2:00 pm.
    Becky won't pass the class.

Look carefully at the time clause (tomorrow afternoon / 2:00 pm / next month). Each sentence talks about an action in the future.

What is the sentence structure?
The sentence structure for positive sentences looks like this:

    subject  |  auxiliary verb (will)  |  main verb  |  object/complement

    She  |  will  |  visit  |  her aunt this weekend.
    The next English test  |  will  |  be  |  very difficult.
    He | will | meet | his friend | at 7:00 pm tomorrow.

The sentence structure for negative sentences looks like this:

    subject  |  auxiliary verb (will) + not  |  main verb  |  object/complement

    The weather  |  will not  |  be  |  good.
    Megan  |  will not  |  become  |  rich and successful in the future.
    She | will not | buy | a new car.

We often shorten will not to won't. For example:

    The weather won't be good.
    Megan won't become rich and successful in the future.
    She won't buy a new car.

And lastly, here is the sentence structure for question sentences. For yes/no, or closed questions, the structure is:

    auxiliary verb (will) |  subject  |  main verb  |  object/complement

    Will  |  you  |  give  |  me some money?
    Will  |  Megan  |  be  |  rich and successful in the future?
    Will  |  you  |  give  |  me some money?

And for wh-questions, or open questions, the structure is:

    wh-question  |  auxiliary verb (will)  |  subject  |  main verb  |  object/complement

    What  |  will  |  you  |  do  |  after work?
    When  |  will  |  you  |  see  |  the movie?

    Where will you see the movie?
    Why will you see the movie?
    Who will you see a movie with?

How is the future tense with will used?
The future tense with will is often used for the following purposes:

1: When there isn't a plan.

    A: Do you have any plans for the weekend?
    B: I will probably see a movie, but I didn't check the movie schedule.

2: When you just made a decision.

    A: What time do you want to go to the restaurant?
    B: I don't know. I will meet you at 7:00. Is that okay?

3: When you predict the future but aren't sure.

    A: What's the weather like today?
    B: It will probably rain today.

Is there additional information about will?
English speakers often use contractions with positive sentences. This is much more natural for speaking; however, for formal writing like essays, reports, and business emails, we usually don't use contractions. Also, contractions aren't used in question sentences.

Here are a few examples that use contractions:

    I will play tennis tomorrow afternoon.
    I'll play tennis tomorrow afternoon.

    Wake up early or you will miss class!
    Wake up early or you'll miss class!

    He will meet his friend at 7:00 pm tomorrow.
    He'll meet his friend at 7:00 pm tomorrow.

    She will visit her aunt this weekend.
    She'll visit her aunt this weekend.

    We will go to the new restaurant on Saturday.
    We'll go to the new restaurant on Saturday.


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